Create new launcher items in Unity
Posted on Sunday January 27, 2013 by Eric Potvin
Having custom application in the Unity menu can be very useful, specially if these applications are used everyday. It will be very nice if nautilus allows us to drag and drop our favorite applications in the menu, no? Unfortunately, it is not the case. So here's two (2) methods on you can add your favorite applications in the Unit Menu.
Unity does support custom launchers from .desktop files. To create custom launcher from a .desktop file you need to create a *.desktop file for your program.
The .desktop file should look something like this:
[Desktop Entry] Name=the name you want shown Comment= Exec=command to run Icon=icon name Terminal=false Type=Application StartupNotify=true
[Desktop Entry] Name=My Favorite App Comment= Exec=/path/to/my/app Icon=/usr/share/icons/gnome/48x48/emotes/face-wink.png Terminal=false Type=Application StartupNotify=true
Using your file manager, navigate to the home folder and navigate to
cd ~/.local/share/applications (You may need to press ctrl+h to show) or in shell:
Method #2 (In 12.04)
Create an "Untitled Document" in your home folder (right click and select
Create New Document).
Edit the file and add the following lines:
[Desktop Entry] Type=Application
Save the file and rename it to what you want with the
.desktop extension. For example:
Now if you right click on the document, you will see something like this:
Now simply fill out the name, description, command and comment if you need. To change the application icon, click on the icon on the left of the name. This will pop a window and you can choose the icon you want.
For a complete list of all applications, you can navigate or list all the files in the
/usr/share/applications folder or in shell.
This way you can customize items based on existing applications.